A Drummer's Testament
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Chapter III-4:  Rice Farming  <PDF>

Rice:  origins of rice farming; uses of rice; problems of intensive agriculture; credit facilities and debt patterns; emergent stratification patterns; wage labor in the villages

Paragraph outlinand links
Proverbs and sayings
Dagbani words and other search terms
Contents outline and links by paragraph  <top of page>

The introduction of rice farming

1.  introduction:  government wants rice farming
2.  rice previously not regarded; rarely farmed
3.  encouraged by Nkrumah as commercial farming

Getting a plot to farm

4.  seeing the chief and elders of a village to get land
5.  how to greet the chief
6.  Wulana leads the farmer to choose the land
7.  greetings for commercial farming versus food farming

Loans, tractors, and labor in farming the plot

8.  hiring a tractor; plowing, harrowing, sowing rice
9.  getting a bank loan; bribes
10.  bank pays out loan money incrementally:  seeds, tractors, sowing, fertilizer
11.  planting other crops in case the rice does not do well
12.  difficulty of rice:  lack of rain; laborers to weed grass
13.  hiring by-day labor
14.  cutting the rice:  hire laborers; some friends will help without pay
15.  beating the rice:  hire laborers to beat, sieve, and bag the rice

Sharing the yield and paying the debt

16.  pay with money and add some rice as a gift; contrast with combine harvester
17.  give rice for using the land:  chief, elders, tindana
18.  report to the bank; show lower yield
19.  some people bribe the bank; can even get tractor
20.  if the farm does not yield, bank will make adjustment

Problems of rice farming

21.  problem of rice farming:  tractors do not complete their work
22.  problem of rice farming:  tractors are not timely
23.  rice farmers can farm and fail
24.  many problems from not having a tractor
25.  after sowing, need fertilizer which is not always available
26.  if the inputs are adequate, the rice will yield; fertilizer
27.  rice farming has no benefit for many farmers; lack of rain

Commercial farming and government inputs

28.  tractors can farm and also be hired out to other farmers
29.  Nkrumah’s programs; subsidies of tractors and inputs
30.  those who benefited from the early assistance are rich; small farmers have fallen

Managing debt

31.  how rice has increased in cost; living with debt
32.  managing the debt
33.  commercial banks versus government banks
34.  difficulties of paying off debt
35.  a good harvest can remove a farmer from his debt

The work of rice

36.  the work of rice:  ways of cooking it
37.  grind the rice and make saɣim
38.  rice balls
39.  rice porridge; boiled rice with stew
40.  duɣrijilli:  rice cooked together with the ingredients of the stew; like jollof


41.  transition to the talk of groundnuts, kpalgu, and shea nuts

Proverbs and Sayings  <top of page>

If you eat rice, you can’t cross a swampy area.

A Dagbana can see money and refuse it.

He has thrown away what he had in his hand, and he is following what he will get from his leg.

Key words for ASCII searches  <top of page>

Chiefs and elders
Zogyuri-Naa  Zoɣyuri-Naa

Names and people
Acheampong (I.K.)
Busia (Kofi)
Ibrahim (Abdulai)
Mumuni (Abdulai)
Nkrumah (Kwame)

Miscellaneous terms
ammonium sulphate
bambara beans
cedi, cedis
dugrijilli  duɣrijilli
groundnut, groundnuts
kunchung  kunchuŋ
sagbiegu  saɣbɛɣu
sagim  saɣim
sagvugli  saɣvuɣli
shea butter
sinkaafa  siŋkaafa
sinkaafa kpila  siŋkaafa kpila
sinkaafa kukogli  siŋkaafa kukɔɣli
sinkaafa wali  siŋkaafa wali
sinkaafa wasawasa  siŋkaafa wasawasa
tindana, tindanas

Cultural groups

Dagbana, Dagbamba

Towns and places
Dagbana, Dagbamba